LIHEAP FAQ Sheets - LIHEAP Assistance

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Table of Contents 

What Is the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program?

The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) provides assistance for energy costs to low-income households. LIHEAP is a federal program that is administered by individual states, territories, and tribes. In Maryland, LIHEAP is administered by the Maryland Department of Human Services.

Learn more about LIHEAP by reviewing the federal program fact sheet here.

For more information about LIHEAP in Maryland, click here.

What Does LIHEAP Cover in Maryland?

The Maryland Department of Human Services oversees LIHEAP benefits and provides financial assistance for heating and cooling expenses to qualified households. Financial assistance can include payment for:

  • Past-due utility bills
  • Deliverable fuel (propane and wood)
  • Disconnection/reconnection fees
  • Repairs and replacements of worn parts on heating units

For more information about LIHEAP’s heating assistance initiative in Maryland, see the Maryland state 2022 LIHEAP Detailed Model Plan here.

Maryland’s LIHEAP program does not provide financial compensation for weatherization.

About LIHEAP Crisis Assistance

LIHEAP Crisis Assistance, like standard LIHEAP benefits, is a cash grant provided to the utility companies of eligible individuals in certain situations.

If your household meets all the eligibility requirements above and has an energy-related crisis, you may qualify for LIHEAP Crisis Assistance.

The state of Maryland defines a “crisis situation” as one where a household:

  • Is in danger of having their utilities disconnected for 3 days during winter.
  • Has no heat.
  • Has already had their utilities disconnected by their service provider.

A “life-threatening crisis situation” also qualifies a household for Crisis Assistance. This occurs when:

  • A member of the household is a medical or health risk because of energy loss.
  • A member of the household has a condition that requires the use of a medical device/medication that requires energy.
  • A household has an energy crisis and a household member younger than 2 years of age or older than 65 years of age.

For qualifying households, the maximum annual benefit amount for LIHEAP Crisis Assistance is a one-time payment of $2,213.

Learn more about Crisis Assistance on page 12 of the Detailed Model Plan here.

How Much Assistance Does LIHEAP Provide in Maryland?

To determine the amount of energy assistance for which you are eligible, the Maryland Department of Human Services will consider:

  1. Your household size and income for the month prior to your application
  2. The fuel type you need (electricity, propane, natural gas, or heating oil)

Also, whether you are eligible for regular LIHEAP payments or Crisis Assistance payments will influence your maximum benefit amount.

As of 2022, the maximum annual benefit amount for heating or cooling in Maryland is $2,213. The minimum annual benefit amount is $500 for heating and $150 for cooling.

How to Qualify for LIHEAP in Maryland

To qualify for LIHEAP in Maryland, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Be a resident of the state
  • At least one household member must be a U.S. citizen or a lawful permanent resident
  • Have an out-of-pocket energy expense from an account opened in the name of the head of the household or their spouse
  • Have an annual income that is less than the LIHEAP income limit for your household size, which is no more than 150 percent of the established Federal Poverty Level. To view the annual income limits, click here.

The Maryland Department of Human Services prioritizes households with elderly, disabled or young members. Elderly is considered 60 years or older, and young is considered five years old or younger.

Learn more about the LIHEAP financial eligibility requirements in Maryland here.

If you or a member of your family participates in the benefit programs below, then you may automatically be eligible for LIHEAP based on your income:

  • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Learn more here.
  • Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Learn more here.
  • Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Learn more here.

How to Apply for LIHEAP in Maryland

Eligible households can only apply for LIHEAP heating assistance from October 1 until May 31 and cooling assistance from May 1 until September 30 each year. LIHEAP applications cannot be submitted year-round.

To apply for LIHEAP in Maryland, complete the following three steps:

  1. Gather the documentation and information you will need for the application.

Learn what documents and information you need to complete the process here.

  1. Choose how you are going to apply, whether online, in person or by mail. 

To submit an application online, click here.

To apply in person or by mail, find your nearest Home Energy Program office and contact information here.

  1. Submit the LIHEAP application and other required documents.

Access the Maryland LIHEAP application here.

Note that applications for Crisis Assistance, for households that meet the state definition of a crisis, can be submitted year-round.

If you have questions about the application process or require assistance, contact your nearest Home Energy Program office. Find your nearest Home Energy Program office here.

What You Will Need to Apply

When applying for Maryland LIHEAP benefits, you will need to provide:

  • Personal and financial information about yourself and the members of your household
  • Details about your home and its heating

The state will need the following documents and information to confirm your eligibility for LIHEAP benefits:

  • Names, birth dates and Social Security numbers for all household members
  • Utility bill information (vendor name and account number)
  • Residence information (landlord’s name, address and phone number, if renting)
  • Income verification for the last three months (pay stubs)

Learn more about the documentation needed during the LIHEAP application process here.

How to Check Your Application Status

You can call the Home Energy Program office where you applied to directly to check your application status. Click here to find your local office and contact information.

You can also contact the Office of Home Energy Programs phone line at (800) 332-6347.

What Happens After You Apply for LIHEAP in Maryland?

The Maryland Department of Human Services will notify you within 15 days of receiving your application if you are approved to receive benefits. All LIHEAP payments are made to the heating or energy provider directly. Benefit payments will not be sent to you.

How to Appeal a Denial of Benefits

If you are denied Maryland LIHEAP benefits, you may request a hearing to appeal the decision by writing a statement to your local Home Energy Program office where you applied within 30 days of when you received the denial. Find your nearest local Home Energy Program office here.

If the Home Energy Program representative cannot resolve the dispute, you can request a hearing with the Office of Administrative Hearings. To begin this process, access the Request for Fair Hearing form here and mail it to:
Maryland Office of Administrative Hearings
11101 Gilroy Road
Hunt Valley, Maryland 21031

Once the Office of Administrative Hearings receives the appeal, they will set up a hearing and notify you of the date, time and location.

If you have questions about the appeal process, contact the Department of Human Services:

  • Phone: (800) 332-6347
  • TTY: (800) 735-2258 

Need More Help?

If you have questions about LIHEAP benefits in Maryland or require further assistance, contact your local Home Energy Program office. Find your nearest Home Energy Program office and contact information here.

You can also contact the Office of Home Energy Programs phone line at (800) 332-6347.

View or Download Our Free Guide

While we are not affiliated with the government in any way, our private company engaged writers to research the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program and compiled a guide that we believe is simple to use and easy to understand. Our goal is to help you get the benefits that you need by providing detailed information on the process.

Our free LIHEAP Guide is filled with helpful information about how to apply for LIHEAP, program eligibility and how to get in touch with local offices. You can view or download our free guide here.

Last Updated: September 19, 2022